long, pronouns (neutral, educational)
It's pronoun time, baby!
You've got ten pronouns:
ko'a, ko'e, ko'i, ko'o, ko'u
fo'a, fo'e, fo'i, fo'o, fo'u
These have absolutely no meaning at the start of a conversation. Think of them like processor registers.
You can assign them using the word "goi". For example, if you wanted to make my name shorter because you were going to say it a lot, you could say "la benlubar. goi ko'a" to store "that-named ben lubar" as the current value of ko'a.
Lojban pronouns work for absolutely anything, not just people. You can say "le djazarci goi ko'e" to make ko'e mean "the grocery store".
If you run out of pronouns, you can also use initials or names the same way. This also allows you to use non-lojban genders to refer to people. For example:
"la grais. goi y'y ebu ry" - the letters "her" now refer to someone named Grace.
"la olivias. goi la xir." - the name "xir" now refers to someone named Olivia.
Note that in the latter case, the word you use has to follow lojban cmene (name) spelling rules, which makes most common English pronouns impossible (h is not allowed to be next to a consonant and the word must not end in a vowel).
Although this *can* be used to give people their prefered pronouns, it does not imply that that's what's happening.
I could just as easily have said "goi la sam." when referring to either of these women and it would only mean "I am using the word 'Sam' to refer to this woman right now." It doesn't imply that the woman is actually named Sam, or that anyone involved in the conversation usually calls her Sam. goi simply replaces the meaning of whatever is said after it with the meaning of whatever was said before it until the conversation ends or the word's meaning is changed again.
Now that we've covered pronouns, how about pro-verbs? (I'm adding a hyphen to make sure people don't misread the last word of the sentence as "hymns".)
lojban has five pro-verbs:
broda, brode, brodi, brodo, brodu
You can assign values to these using "cei". lojban verbs work like programming functions, taking a specific type of information in each of a specific type of slots. When you assign a verb to one of the five brod* pro-verbs, you also copy all the values you gave to that function.
"mi klama cei broda le zarci"
This means "I go to the store", but it also saves "I go to the store" as the value of broda.
If I follow that with ".i do broda", that means "you go to the store", because mi (I) was replaced with do (you), but "the store" is not modified.
Thank you for coming to my TED talk.
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