public authorities "can secretly compel tech companies and individual technologists, including network administrators, sysadmins, and open source developers – to re-engineer software and hardware under their control, so that it can be used to spy on their users. Engineers can be penalized for refusing to comply with fines and prison"... sounds like a nightmare but it is reality in the #UK and #Australia https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2018/12/new-fight-online-privacy-and-security-australia-falls-what-happens-next #eff #spy #privacy #security
This is how it (should) work: In the case of Apple’s #iMessage, #Apple would be compelled to silently add new devices to the list apps think you own: when someone sends you a message, it will no longer just go to, say, your #iPhone, your #iPad, and your #MacBook – it will go to those devices, and a new addition, a spying device owned by the government...
@bjoern Eh, the fun part is that under the Australian law anyone who runs a computer attached to the internet could count as a telecommunications provider. This means they can be directly served with an assistance notice and compelled to secrecy under threat of jail time no matter whether it's open source, proprietary or federated. The problem and its solution concern the legal situation and I'm not sure throwing shade on the big biz who currently happen to be on our side will help.
@tk But if it is my server, they have to come to me and ask me for a backdoor to spy on me. So at least I know 😉 It is not about "throwing shade on the big biz". Not only since today I'm convinced that Free Software, federation and the possibility to self-host are the pre-condition for freedom and privacy respecting tools.
@bjoern True, and reading it again you weren't really blaming the companies, so not a fair comment from me. Really I'm trying to push back gently against the idea that we can code our way out of all our problems. Self-hosting is a very effective response to untargeted mass surveillance... but for this kind of law, there's no real way to get around it with better software. It kinda sucks.
@bjoern While I mostly agree, this conclusion seems too simple for me. Maybe for some this is true, but for John Doe, it also (once again) will boil down to trusting people not to do "bad" things. For end users, this kind of technology *always* will remain a black box, just the way my car is a black box to me in most parts. Plus, we've seen more than enough security issues in example arising from self-hosted, poorly maintained PHP web CMS. In this case, I dare to say self-hosting is even ...
@bjoern ... more of a problem if the person hosting the infrastructure doesn't have sufficient skills or resources to actually keep the environment safe and maintained all the time. That's why I'd rather plead for #FLOSS, #OpenStandards - and *reliable*, trustworthy, transparently funded organizations (Wikimedia? FSFE? ...?) running such services for end-users in a professional yet privacy-aware way.
@z428 The problem, with this laws in place public authorities will demand this backdoors from this organizations as well. And they only have two options: comply or shut the service down. Both options will not give us sustainable freedom and privacy respecting tools.
@bjoern Maybe. I don't really argue against that. But that doesn't change much about the fact that John Doe is by no means able to operate an infrastructure such as #mastodon or an #XMPP server in a reliable, safe, stable way. And Jane Doe isn't able to verify whether the somewhat large #FLOSS package (just looking at how large a stock #NextCloud installation is) already might contain backdoors added by developers who have been "compromised". In this case, the only way out for ...
@bjoern ... arbitrary end users would be to not use digital means of communication at all. It would make this a privilege of the few again - just like it used to be before we saw Google, Facebook or WhatsApp rise.
@bjoern Plus, if talking about a legal dimension, we won't be able to solve this using even #federated tools. How should we? The "naive" default response: Social problems can't be solved with technology. The more complex response: If a public authority doesn't want to have certain things to happen, we will see other means to regulate this. Consider regulations of #netneutrality. Consider strong laws (such as #gdpr) that make custom individual hosting potentially dangerous/unsafe. Maybe ...
@bjoern ... some of the "technical" challenges for end-users could be solved by focussing on real peer-to-peer solutions (such as a social network or a messenger not relying upon centralized servers but rather on local apps / clients synchronizing with "each other"). But even such an approach could easily be blocked by legal means, at the lowest level by strictly regulating ISPs.
@bjoern @z428 my understand is that these laws will apply *everyone* creating digital technology, including volunteer developers working on #FreeCode projects. The only ways to fight this are a) civil disobedience - loudly refuse to put back doors in our apps and services and support each others' legal battlers, and b) campaign to get these sorts laws of laws declared unconstitutional, as violation of fundamental #HumanRights.
@strypey Yes, that's how I see things as well. It's a legal aspect. We need organizations such as the #EFF, the #FSF / #FSFE, #Mozilla and others to stand up and play the political playground. Technology won't save us here. Likewise, however, we need to make sure we focus on the most important things first (that's why, these days, I'm pretty often irritated to see people out here bashing #Mozilla or the #EFF to just be "whitewashing" for big IT giants --- divide and conquer again).
@z428 @bjoern yes, when I see people like #YashaLevine attacking the EFF in left-wing publications like the #Baffler, and claiming that tech corporation are the real threat to our privacy (which they can be), and governments are its saviours (which is so obviously bullshit), I get very suspicious:
@wim_v12e Yes, maybe these are good ideas. I don't really know whether these issues could be handled entirely technologically. Maybe a mixture of stronger cryptography, anonymizing network services and P2P networks *could* help around some of these. But in the end, I'm afraid there always will be easy-to-access weak points in these systems. ISPs. End-user facing operating systems. App stores. Browser manufacturers. 😐
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