Medieval charm to keep your bees safe
If you use straw skeps to house your bees, you probably find the swarm process (during which the bees move to a different skep so that you may collect their honey and wasp - see picture) to be a highly stressful one.
Not to worry! An 11th-century manuscript, most probably written in Winchester, provides us with a handy charm to protect bees from getting lost, being attacked, or even being stolen.
In an earlier thread, I wrote briefly about trans people in medieval Europe, and discussed some of the main issues when studying the medieval history of trans people.
Today, if you'll indulge me, I want to spend some time discussing a single person in detail. I want to talk about the way she's been written about, and about her and what she can teach us about life as a trans person 600 years ago.
This is the story of Eleanor Rykener.
Four months ago I reached one thousand followers on this account. I wanted to give the wonderful people of the Fediverse something in return, and I offered to write an essay on a topic of my followers' choice. They voted, overwhelmingly, for @citrustwee 's birthday bit.
And now, after months of waiting, on her birthday, it is finally here. Happy birthday Evelien. And thank you, to all of you, for making logging on worth it.
On the 2nd of September 2004, just as France's children were preparing to go back to school, the "Law 2004-228 of 15 March 2004" came into effect.
Nominally, this law banned anyone from wearing "conspicuous religious symbols" in schools. In practice, however, it was widely understood to specifically target Muslim students and parents, in particular those who wore the hijab.
Girls and their mothers were now forbidden from "conspicuously" belonging to their faith.