Medieval charm to keep your bees safe
If you use straw skeps to house your bees, you probably find the swarm process (during which the bees move to a different skep so that you may collect their honey and wasp - see picture) to be a highly stressful one.
Not to worry! An 11th-century manuscript, most probably written in Winchester, provides us with a handy charm to protect bees from getting lost, being attacked, or even being stolen.
In an earlier thread, I wrote briefly about trans people in medieval Europe, and discussed some of the main issues when studying the medieval history of trans people.
Today, if you'll indulge me, I want to spend some time discussing a single person in detail. I want to talk about the way she's been written about, and about her and what she can teach us about life as a trans person 600 years ago.
This is the story of Eleanor Rykener.
Four months ago I reached one thousand followers on this account. I wanted to give the wonderful people of the Fediverse something in return, and I offered to write an essay on a topic of my followers' choice. They voted, overwhelmingly, for @citrustwee 's birthday bit.
And now, after months of waiting, on her birthday, it is finally here. Happy birthday Evelien. And thank you, to all of you, for making logging on worth it.
On the 2nd of September 2004, just as France's children were preparing to go back to school, the "Law 2004-228 of 15 March 2004" came into effect.
Nominally, this law banned anyone from wearing "conspicuous religious symbols" in schools. In practice, however, it was widely understood to specifically target Muslim students and parents, in particular those who wore the hijab.
Girls and their mothers were now forbidden from "conspicuously" belonging to their faith.
here is my definitive list of the 70 greatest films of all time https://letterboxd.com/garfiald/list/ultimate-poirot-list-of-all-time/
@garfiald garf you sick sick kitty you sick little cat poirot is a fucking filthy bastard you are encouraging a filthy bastard of a man to thrive in movies and tv
Looking to kickstart some discourse on this. How do we feel about Christian poirot? are the early seasons underrated? are the peter Ustinov movies secretly good?
@garfiald The division of purity as the sign of righteousness even extends to the idea that it is the right of the pure to advocate for the impure. Once you are impure, you have lost the right to advocate. You become a passive object, subject to the mercy or punishment of others. We might laud someone advocating for prisoners, but how dare prisoners advocate for themselves.
@garfiald I've been thinking a lot about the idea of purity as I study social work. I'm going to work with incarcerated people and do prison abolition work, and I fully expect my integrity to be called into question by folks on the left who are generally happy to shout "fuck the police" when I advocate for the humanity of offenders whose souls they do not deem worthy of being saved.
@garfiald an accompanying tendency I notice is when even supposedly anti-carceral people categorically divide those who do harm into those who are "deserving" of human society, humane treatment, or rehabilitation, and those who are not. It betrays a concept of politics and justice not founded on humanity but on purity. If our righteousness is based on our distance from sin, we fear compassion as a vector for corruption.
me: gender has a social history. we can see how d—
UwuPupper: ah, so you're claiming noöne is oppressed for their gender. curious
me: the delineation of 'sanity' is an exercise of power, by wh
UwuPupper: yet i have mental health and feel bad about it. checkmated much
me: the buddha's first noble truth is the reality of suffering. the second nob
UwuPupper: oh, oh, so you're saying suffering doesn't exist! pretty tanky of you
i think a lot of online leftists basically don't get what a social structure is. they understand structural relations like exploiter/exploited and oppressor/oppressed as binary personal characteristics, and saying something is a construct or has a history as a way of saying it's fake or doesn't exist