the basic failure of most all speculative fiction, both fantasy and scifi, is the failure to examine its societal pre-assumptions. they show worlds 1000 years in the future or the past or in a wholly separate universe, inhabited by people who, despite the presence of magic or hypertechnology & a completely different material circumstances, still basically live & think like 20th century westerners — and when they don't, it's virtually always shown as a moral or intellectual failing
You aren't wrong, but sf has also always been a vehicle for authors who envision societies quite different from modern western society.
For instance, Olaf Stapledon, Robert Heinlein, Cordwainer Smith, Frank Herbert, Joanna Russ, Ursula Leguin, Octavia Butler, Stanislaw Lem, A. E. Van Vogt, John Brunner, Phil Dick, Michael Moorecock, Phillip Jose Farmer, M. D. Cooper.
'Social Science Fiction' was one of Isaac Asimov's three 'types' of science fiction: gadget, adventure, and social.
@hhardy01 heinlein would actually be my go-to example of what i'm talking about it scifi. many of his works — 'the puppet masters' and 'starship troopers' being the most glaring ones — are straight-up fascist propaganda
RH is "impressing our own social biases into our art without questioning them"?
The allegation was that the 'basic failure of most all speculative fiction' is 'the failure to examine its societal pre-assumptions.'
How can one read 'The Moon is a Harsh Mistress", "Starship Troopers", "Time Enough for Love" and "Stranger in a Strange Land" and say that?
Asimov: The City and the Stars.
Where I fault "classic" science fiction most is in the almost non-existent role of women. I am straining my brain for an ur-example of a strong female protagonist in science fiction literature...
...so sf authors who handle women characters well, identify as women or trans/transitioning in the case of M. D. Cooper.
Le Guin, Margaret Atwood, Cooper, Joanna Russ, Butler, Kurtz, Tiptree, Collins, Vinge, Cherryh.
I am writing my 1st sf story now hope I do better.
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