What's worst about social media comes not from the platform itself but the advertiser model. Algorithms are a way to drive engagement for advertisers. The longer you stay on the site, the more ads you see. The more ads you see, the more money the platform makes.
On a subscriber model, there's an entirely different incentive. They want you to be happy enough to keep your subscription, of course, but beyond that, they have no particular incentive to keep the load high on their servers.
But unlike social media, newspapers could cure some of their woes, and ours, if they moved to a token system where, instead of subscribing to a particular newspaper, you subscribed to a reseller (at an upcharge) who gave you access to a group of sites.
Your annual subscription would buy you a number of monthly tokens, based on your plan, that could be exchanged at various rates for access to specific articles or the latest issue or the whole site for, say, 24 hours if you needed to do research.
Newspapers could set their rates. The Economist might want to charge two tokens for a standard article compared to the The Columbus Dispatch's one. They also might charge more for longer articles or for an investigative series.
They could also choose which resellers to supply content to, since there would likely be more than one, and could even sell to all of them. (Why wouldn't you?)
There are drawbacks, to be sure. But a token system reintroduces a common market for information, which the world surely needs. And it is surely better than what we have now, where newspapers, following social media, are pursuing "audience capture," becoming more partisan (and less reliable) in an effort to drive high engagement.
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