say it with me: 👏 crpyto 👏 currenency 👏 is 👏 not 👏 decentralized 👏

@sofia @maris 2 biggest BTC mining pools together controlled over 50% of the hashing power:
cryptopolitan.com/bitcoin-hash

Developers of ETH deciding to blacklist some wallet addresses after the DAO kerfuffle:
coindesk.com/hard-fork-ethereu

So, it's centralized, just on a different level.

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@rysiek
To be honest, #ETH doesn't count. It was always transitioning to #ProofOfStake, and many report on its centralised dev.

From what we've heard the pools control just over 50%. Yes, a problem, but something we think will improve as things like #BTC heaters become a thing and people generally demand better. Eg. When people complained about one issue recently, China responded by cracking down and space is now cleaner.

Miners can break away if bad things suspected/reported.

@sofia @maris

@rysiek @maris as for the pool-situation, this arrangements seems to be fairly stable. and it makes sense for them to be big, their purpose is to make mining less of a lottery. i'm not sure how todays pools are even organized and in how far they would allow for 51%-attacks. but i don't think it's really in the interest of miners to allow for 51%-attacks to happen, so they'll tend to switch pools if they get too big. and those attack need to be sustained to be effective.

@rysiek @sofia @maris

Just so people know:
The top 2 mining pools produce 31% of bitcoin blocks, which is not over 50%. When pools get big, they get broken up
m.btc.com/stats/pool

And the Ethereum fork happened in 2016 when the system was small enough to allow such a thing.

If you want to make arguments against decentralized technologies, please at least do so honestly. #misinformation

If you wanted, you could even offer constructive criticism.

@rysiek @sofia @maris Here's a legitimate criticism specific to Ethereum. Gas prices are too damned high. It makes it prohibitively expensive to do decentralized collaboration (e.g., a DAO) because each vote that is called requires gas to execute.

Here's another valid criticism: most proof of stake systems give the most rewards to the people who have and hold the most money.

There are other systems, like central banks, that don't have these properties.

@adam maybe you should clarify that "gas" is a specific transaction unit in etherium. just because some people seem to blame crypto for the fact that fossil fuel company don't have to clean up their mess 😅.

and yeah, i'm not a fan of proof-of-stake either. painting central banking as fairer ignores that the central bank can increase inequality at will by by inflating the currency.

my hope for alternative currencies is energy credit, but i don't see much work done on that.

@rysiek @maris

@sofia @rysiek @maris Wow, cryptocurrency causing fossil fuel prices to go up... hadn't heard that one before, but I'm not surprised. Some people will say anything. :-(

Re: central bank. yup, and hyperinflation is bad for pretty much everyone, if it gets that far.

Now is when you might be expecting to tell you about the ICO/chain/ERC20 token/NFT that doesn't have any of these problems. Nope. Not here to shill some new shiny thing.

@sofia @rysiek @maris If someone wants to show me something that doesn't have any drawbacks, go right ahead, I'm listening.

@adam oh, thanks for factchecking that. i knew there were pools dangeroulsy fairly close to 50% before. but that was ages ago 🤷.

and yeah, the fact that all (or most) developers could collude to do something potentially harmful isn't really the fault of cryptocurrencies, that's a pretty general software thing.

or and neither @maris nor rysiek@mastodon.social said they were against decentralized technologies per se.

@adam @sofia @maris mining pools might get split when they reach >50%, but that's a decision, not something enforced by the protocol.

That's the difference between "it's IMPOSSIBLE to amass >50% of mining power and screw with the transaction history" and "people who did amass >50% so far always decided to voluntarily split the pools".

Which means someone can make a different decision at some point. That is, amass >50% mining power and NOT split their mining pool. Imagine the chaos!

@adam @sofia @maris regarding ETH DAO fork, sure, "ETH was smaller", but again, it doesn't matter. Again, it's the difference between "this outcome is impossible" vs. "this outcome is not a decision people would make".

The whole *promise* of ETH, BTC, and other cryptocurrencies was that such centralization and central control *is impossible*.

And it is clearly not. We've seen it happen.

@rysiek @adam @sofia @maris BTC never said that amassing >50% is impossible. This was discussed in the whitepaper:
"The incentive may help encourage nodes to stay honest. If a greedy attacker is able to assemble more CPU power than all the honest nodes, he would have to choose between using it to defraud people by stealing back his payments, or using it to generate new coins. He ought to find it more profitable to play by the rules, such rules that favour him with more new coins than everyone else combined, than to undermine the system and the validity of his own wealth."

https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf

I also remember something that when the mining-fees would go down, the idea is that businesses (and governements?) would still keep mining because they have stake in keeping the network running (but this is from memory and I'm not gonna read the whole thing again now)

@ilja @maris @sofia @adam okay, fair.

But such nuance needs to get into the mainstream more, because the prevailing message is "such decentralized, many wow". 😉

@rysiek you still seem confused about what pools are. they aren't ethernal monoliths that all listen to one command. miners join pools to get a more steady income, instead of mining alone which would mean they most likely get nothing back, but they may also get a big windfall. miners could even mine for multiple pools at once.

and no technology can be called "decentralized" when you criterion is "it's impossible that all the nodes will be owned by one party somehow".

@ilja @maris @adam

@sofia @ilja @maris @adam how do you join a pool? Do you volunteer your own hardware? Or do you "buy into" a larger pool of specialized hardware running somewhere, and get some fraction of what is mined?

In other words, to you have full physical control of your "part" the mining hardware pool, or does someone have that control instead?

@rysiek you own the hardware and set up a pool in the options of your mining rig.

i guess there is probably comanies where you can buy mining rigs you don't directly control (somewhere in coldland, probably), but that's not what pools are.

@ilja @maris @adam

@sofia @ilja @maris @adam thanks, I did have a different model of pools in my head.

Still, there is someone who controls the pool, and allocates the spoils after a block is mined, right?

@rysiek @sofia @ilja @maris Yes. The pool hands out the block to be mined, which includes all transactions, including where to send the newly minted coins (the coinbase)

Long ago, before every block was always full, the rewards would go directly to the miners. Almost that long ago, they switched to going to the pool operator to reduce fees (1 transaction instead of N) and pay out periodically based on the users preferences (e.g., @ 0.01 BTC)

@adam @rysiek @sofia @maris Your source for that is BTC.com, one of the pools we are talking about. Doesn't sound particularly trustworthy to me.
@rysiek @sofia @maris
First link:
> The centralization might have increased due to the recent Bitcoin halving event that forced many miners to close shop due to reduced profitability.
This gives me hope that cryptos with a tail emission might be more resistant against such things. I.e. #Monero or that frictionfull variant if anyone ever gets around to making that.

As for the #Ethereum situation, that only happened with the consent of the miners and nodes. If they wanted to they could have not accepted the change. And many did, that's why #EthereumClassic is a thing.
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